The goal of this project is to perform an in-situ structural, morphological and compositional characterization of bimetallic electrocatalytic nanoparticles (NPs) both at the nanometer and the atomic scale.
Climate change and global warming pose an imminent global threat to our society and are directly
linked to the rising CO2 levels in the earth’s atmosphere. Since the energy sector is an important
contributor, significant impact is to be achieved in the transition from fossil-based towards renewable
energy like solar or wind power.
The rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration has been linked to a global warming of 1.0 ± 0.2 °C since pre-industrial times. The need for negative emissions to prevent a global warming superior to 1.5 °C has increased the attractiveness of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and utilization technologies.
Carbon-Hydrogen bonds are the most common bonds that occur in organic chemistry, they’re generally very strong, and unreactive. Because of the high dissociation energy associated with C-H bond activation ( the C-H bond dissociation in alkanes is 2.2-2.7 (V vs SHE)), molecules already containing functional groups will have them react at lower potentials, rendering late stage C-H functionalization useless. Chemical C-H activation is difficult to achieve, especially with C(sp3)-H bonds, it is expensive and associated with generation of a lot of waste.
A Biorefinery is an ensemble of conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power and platform chemicals from biomass. In particular, platform chemicals derived from biomass have a variety of applications, ranging from the production of pharmaceuticals, bio-plastics, bio-detergents, food ingredients and other specialty chemicals.
The development of energy-efficient catalysts for the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) to CO and ethylene has reached several critical milestones recently, making industrial implementation of the technique more relevant than ever before. Within this scope, we investigate an important class of non-noble metals as potential industrial electrocatalysts for the selective conversion of CO2 to ethylene and alcohols, namely carbon-supported copper-based electrodes (Cu/M-C).
In the future, renewables will gain importance. Combining the use of CO2 as a feedstock along
with the supply of renewable energy can compensate for fluctuations in energy production, while
at the same time reducing CO2 emissions. In this PhD project, CO2 will be converted to CO through
an electrochemical approach.
Return BECO2Me “Bringing the Electrocatalytic Conversion of CO2 to formic acid towards an industrial feasibility by unraveling the fundamental role of the supporting Material” September 2018 – September 2022 Researcher: Kevin Van Daele Lowering the atmospheric CO2 concentrations and reducing anthropogenic CO2 emissions are two of the greatest scientific challenges faced by our current generation. …
Return Feasibility Study Towards An industrial CO2 Electrolyzer Design (STACkED) 01/01/2018 – 31/12/2021 Researcher: Bert De Mot By 2050 80% of Europe’s electricity should be produced through renewables. The vast majority of this (up to 65%) would be provided by solar photovoltaics and on- or offshore wind farms, with a production that is clearly subject …